Spanish is the third most spoken language in the world by the number of speakers who are native speakers ( after Mandarin Chinese and English ) . It is spoken as a first and second language amongst 450 and 500 million people . It is the third most spoken language telling those who speak it as a first or second language , behind Mandarin Chinese and English.
The Spanish , like other Romance languages, is the modern continuation of spoken Latin (called Vulgar Latin ) , from the third century . C. and, after the collapse of the Roman Empire , was diverging from the various provinces of the old empire , resulting in a slow evolution through the various Romance languages . Thanks to its spread across America , Spanish is by far the Romance language that has achieved the widest .
In addition, as a foreign language , Spanish is the second most studied language in the world after English , with at least 14 million students , although other sources indicate that the 46 million students in over 90 countries are exceeded.
Spanish or Castilian
According to the normative dictionary of the Royal Spanish Academy , the Spanish and Castilian names are synonymous and both acceptable criterion also includes the Pan-Hispanic Dictionary of Doubts , approved by the 22 schools of the Spanish language with normative. The Association of Spanish Language Academies , which groups academies of all Spanish -speaking countries , considers overcome the controversy over what term is more appropriate and , accepting the validity of both standards , Recommend the designation of Spanish language albeit for be generally used in other national languages (Spanish , spanish , english , Spanisch , inglese , etc. . ) .
[ Edit this section only ] History of Spanish
The story begins with the Spanish language spoken Latin of the Roman Empire . Specifically stems from Vulgar Latin present in the central region of northern Spain . After the fall of the Roman Empire in the V century the influence of the Latin worship in ordinary people gradually decreased . Spoken Latin was then the ferment of Hispanic Romance varieties , including the old Castilian , origin by ( at least in the largest proportion ) of the varieties which constitute the Spanish language. In the eighth century , the Muslim invasion of the Iberian Peninsula makes two distinct zones are formed. In Al- Andalus, the Romance dialects Mozarabic encompassed by the term , in addition to non-native minority languages ( Arabic and Berber) will speak . While in the area in which the Christian kingdoms were formed, since a few years after the beginning of the Muslim rule , begin a divergent evolution, in which several romances modalities arise : Catalan , Aragonese , the Asturian- Leonese and Galician in addition to Spanish .
The Castilian dialect originated in the primitive medieval Castilla County ( south of Cantabria and northern Burgos) , Visigothic with Basque and German influences. The oldest texts known in Spanish are emilianenses Glosses , which are preserved in the Monastery of Yusho , in San Millan de la Cogolla (La Rioja ) , considered medieval town center of culture .
It spread south of the peninsula through the Reconquista and the other Spanish kingdoms by successive dynastic unification ( union with Leon and Galicia with Ferdinand III of Castile, introduction of Castilian dynasty in the Crown of Aragon Ferdinand I of Aragon would lead to final union with the Catholic Monarchs ) . In the fifteenth century , during the Spanish unification of its kingdoms , Antonio de Nebrija published his Grammatica in Salamanca . It is the first treatise on grammar of the Spanish language, and also first in a European vernacular. The conquest and colonization of America conducted simultaneously expanded the language by most of the American continent.
The original Spanish language then resulted in numerous dialects that while respecting the main trunk , with differences in pronunciation and vocabulary , as with any other language. To this we must add the influence of the languages of the native peoples of America, and Aymara , Nahuatl , Guarani , Chibcha , Mapudungun , Taino , Maya , and Quechua , who also made contributions to the lexicon of the language, not only in their areas of influence , but in some cases the overall lexicon .